• Guppies, Swordtails, Mollies & Platies

    Guppies, Swordtails, Mollies & Platies

    Introduction This group is known as livebearers because unusually for fish the females give birth to free-swimming live fry (ovoviviparous) rather than laying eggs. In the wild, these species are found in Northern, Central and Southern America. Almost all aquarium specimens are captive bred. Water Requirements This group of fish are relatively hardy and will adapt to most aquarium water. However, it is advisable...
  • Barbs

    Barbs

    Introduction Barbs make an active addition to an aquarium. However, some of them can be aggressive and are notorious fin nippers. These species originate from Asia and belong to the order Cypriniformes. Water Requirements This group of fish are relatively hardy and will adapt to most aquarium water. However, it is advisable to keep the water parameters within the following guidelines although fish may...
  • Tetras, Rasboras & Danios

    Tetras, Rasboras & Danios

    Introduction These three fish groups belong to the families Cyprinidae (rasboras and danios), Characidae, Lebiasinidae, and Alestidae (tetras). Danios and rasboras originate from Asia, while many of the tetras are found in the Amazon basin in South America and Africa. However, the vast majority of aquarium specimens are captive bred at farms throughout the world. Water Requirements Although these fish originate from different parts...
  • Hillstream Loach, White Cloud Mountain, Minnows & Weather Loaches

    Hillstream Loach, White Cloud Mountain, Minnows & Weather Loaches

    Introduction These are three fish, (hillstream loach/Borneo sucker, White Cloud Mountain Minnow and Weather Loach), which can be added to aquariums containing goldfish. In the wild they are found in Asia. The hillstream loach fish are found in mountain streams with fast flowing water. They should never be put in garden ponds. Water Requirements As with all fish these three species all require good...
  • Pond Fish

    Pond Fish

    Introduction There are various species of fish including goldfish, Koi, orfe, rudd, and tench which can be added to a garden pond. All of these species are members of the Cyprinidae family and can be widely found throughout Asia and Europe. Water Requirements the water parameters outlined below to help your fish remain healthy, although these fish may acclimatise to a wider range over...
  • Fancy Goldfish

    Fancy Goldfish

    Introduction Fancy goldfish like Orandas, Black Moors, and Ryukins are all the same species of fish as common goldfish, Carassius auratus.All of these varieties are the result of centuries of careful selective breeding to emphasise certain traits.Fancy goldfish are more delicate than common goldfish and require greater care to keep them successfully. To achieve this, they are best kept in indoor aquaria only. As...
  • Goldfish

    Goldfish

    Introduction Goldfish are perhaps the most widely recognised aquarium and pond fish and have been kept by humans for many centuries.They were first kept in bowls in China in the third century and imported into Europe in the 1700s.Goldfish can be found in many shapes and colour variations, including the Sarasa comet and Shubunkin, and colours, including red, blue, yellow, black, white and orange....
  • Guide To Re-Homing A Cat

    Guide To Re-Homing A Cat

    There are many national and local rehoming centers across the country that have cats available for adoption. Good rehoming centers will often neuter, microchip, worm and vaccinate cats, and maybe even offer free insurance for the first few weeks of ownership too – making these aspects of the transition into cat ownership stress-free.Offering an unwanted pet a forever home can be a highly rewarding...
  • Guide To Caring For Kittens

    Guide To Caring For Kittens

    Cats have a wide range of personalities – how confident or fearful a cat is in adulthood will be affected by what happens in kittenhood.When choosing a kitten, make sure you ask about exactly what they have experienced in their first eight weeks. Exposure to everyday household experiences (vacuum cleaner, radio, children and wheelchairs) will ensure the kitten takes all these things in its...
  • What To Know Before Getting A Puppy

    What To Know Before Getting A Puppy

    Choosing Your Puppy Matching a pet to your lifestyle is essential for the happiness of both you and the animal. So if you've decided a dog is right for you, firstly think whether you want purebred or a crossbreed. Some dogs require much more food, exercise, grooming, space, and mental stimulation than others, and it is important that you research what health tests your...
  • Guide To Caring For Tropical Fish

    Guide To Caring For Tropical Fish

    There is a wide choice of tropical fish available, but make sure you do your research first, as certain types may fight if put together.Remember fish kept in an aquarium are totally dependent on you for their welfare. Choosing Your Tropical Fish There is a wide variety of tropical fish to choose from and although many can be mixed together in an aquarium, care...
  • Guide To Caring For Parrots

    Guide To Caring For Parrots

    Birds are social, so a single caged bird will require a lot of attention and stimulus if it is not to become bored and frustrated. A caged bird will enjoy times of peace on its own, however, it must feel emotionally part of its human flock.There are a number of common breeds of parrot kept as pets in the UK, these include, Parakeets, African...
  • Guide To Caring For Lovebirds

    Guide To Caring For Lovebirds

    The most popular species of lovebirds are Peachfaced, Masked and Fischers. You can expect to have the companionship of these fascinating birds for 15 to 20 years, so you must be sure youíre ready for a long-term commitment.Lovebirds are a small species of parrot most commonly found with bright feathers of green, yellow and red with peach or black cheeks.Lovebirds originate from Africa and...
  • Guide To Caring For Milk Or King Snakes

    Guide To Caring For Milk Or King Snakes

    Adults are relatively small, easy to feed and can withstand a relatively large temperature range. They are generally good natured and can be ideal as a first pet snake. There is a wide variety of species and an increasing array of domesticated colour morphs available.King and milk snakes are not social animals so they are best kept singularly. General Care Your snake's eyes will...
  • Guide To Caring For Ferrets

    Guide To Caring For Ferrets

    Ferrets are sociable and should be kept as pairs or groups, providing all are neutered. The average lifespan of a ferret is 8-10 years and a male can grow up to 24 inches in length.They are members of the Mustelidae family, which includes the weasel, stoat, mink, otter, badger, and polecat. Choosing Your Ferret There are many colours available such as albino, sable, silver,...
  • Guide To Caring For Fancy Mice

    Guide To Caring For Fancy Mice

    Mice are social animals and it is best to keep them in single-sex pairs or small groups. Fancy mice have been selectively bred for generations to produce exotic strains of coat colour, type, and length. Over fifty colours are available but the white mouse still remains a favourite. Shopping List CageNest boxSolid exercise wheelDust-free floor coverBeddingMouse foodMineral blockFood bowlWater bottle and bottle brushToysTreatsPet-safe disinfectantOdour...
  • Guide To Caring For Cockatoos

    Guide To Caring For Cockatoos

    Cockatoos originate from Australasia and South-East Asia. These species of parrot boast beautiful erectile crest feathers on their heads, which are displayed in response to feelings, such as fear, excitement or aggression.These parrots are the only species not to have any blue or green colouration in their plumage.Many cockatoos live between 40 and 70 years, so you must be sure you are ready for...
  • Guide To Caring For Chameleons

    Guide To Caring For Chameleons

    Chameleons live in different climates around the world and can be found in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Madagascar. They spend their lives in the trees and their feet are specially adapted to help them grip and balance on branches with ease.There are many types of chameleon available as pets and their appearance and colour vary greatly from green, brown and red. Some chameleons can...
  • How to settle your new parrot at home

    How to settle your new parrot at home

    So, you have done your research, decided what Parrot you’re going to get, find the one you want & bring him home, now what? You may think that just because the bird has been hand reared he’s immediately going to want to step up on your finger and love you straight away, this is usually not the case. Your new little bird is going...
  • Guide To Caring For Water Dragons

    Guide To Caring For Water Dragons

    Adults can reach sizes up to 90 cm, including the tail, so it is important that you can provide a habitat largeenough to accommodate the size of your water dragon.Water dragons are not social animals and adult males can be territorial, so they are best kept singularly.The average lifespan of a water dragon is around 15-20 years, so you must be sure you are...
  • Insect eating Lizards & Feeding

    Insect eating Lizards & Feeding

    There is still a lot to learn regarding the diets of lizards in captivity. However, we know that feeding shop bought insects and the occasional mealworm is inadequate.In the wild, most insect eating lizards will consume a wide variety of insects, maybe 25 different species or more.Insects consumed by lizards in the wild will have themselves eaten a variety of plants and/or animals resulting...
  • Guide To Caring For Budgerigars

    Guide To Caring For Budgerigars

    The budgerigar is a member of the parrot family and originates from Australia.It is a relativity simple and inexpensive pet to keep.Budgerigars are friendly, cheerful companions ideal for all age groups.They are available in attractive and sometimes unusual colours, and live for around 7-8 years. Food And Water In the wild, budgies feed on a variety of seeds, including seedling grasses and leaves of...
  • Gargoyle Gecko Care Sheet

    Gargoyle Gecko Care Sheet

    Shopping List Step 1: Choosing a vivarium – 90 ltr (20-24? tall) or larger vivarium– Screen lid, if not included with habitat Step 2: Heating and Lighting – Reptile habitat thermometers (2)– Reptile habitat hygrometer– Heat bulb and fixture– Daytime fluorescent bulb, if necessary– Lampstand, if desired– Ceramic heat emitter and fixture, or nighttime bulb, if necessary– Timer for lighting and heating bulbs, if...
  • Musk Turtle (stinkpots) Care Sheet

    Musk Turtle (stinkpots) Care Sheet

    Musk Turtle (stinkpots) Size – max 7″ average 5″Min tank size – 120 litre when full grownDiet – insectavore – reptomin – prawn – brine shrimp – bloodworm – earthworm – small crickets – snailsTemperature – water temp 75F basking area 85F gradient to 70F.Uvb – reccomended Musk turtles are fairly easy to keep although a little shy. They are primarily nocturnal but do...
  • Frilled Dragon Quick Facts

    Frilled Dragon Quick Facts

    Frilled Dragon: Chlamydosaurus kingii Temperature: Baby basking area 95-100f (35-38c)Adult basking area 100-105f (38-40c) Humidity: 70-75% (spray heavily every night and allow to dry out completely during the day) Lifespan: Approx 15 years Adult Size: Males 3ft, Females 2.5ft Feeding: Give fresh veg (spring greens, kale, butternut squash etc in the morning) and give a variety of insects in the afternoon (crickets, locusts and...
  • Crested Gecko Quick Facts

    Crested Gecko Quick Facts

    Crested Gecko Correlophus cilliatus Temperature Hatchling 70-75f (21 –23c)Adult 75-80f (23-26c) Humidity 60-80% (spray heavily every night and provide a humid hide at all times) Lifespan: Approx 20 years Adult Size: Approx 7inches Feeding: Give Repashy or Pangea crested gecko diet as main food – it is important they eat this so they get all the vitamins and minerals they need. Also offer 3-4...
  • Hainan Cave Gecko Quick Facts

    Hainan Cave Gecko Quick Facts

    Hainan Cave Gecko – Goniurosaurus hainanensis Temperature: Hatchling 70-75f (21 -23c) Adult 75-82f (23-27c) Humidity: 60-80% (spray heavily every night and provide a humid hide at all times) Lifespan: Approx 15 years Adult Size: Approx 5inches Feeding: Give a variety of insects in the evening (crickets, locusts, and roaches to make up main of insect diet, waxworms and mealworms no more than 10% of...
  • Brazilian Rainbow Boa Care Sheet

    Brazilian Rainbow Boa Care Sheet

    Description Brazilian Rainbow Boas are a subspecies of Epicrates cenchria, commonly known as Rainbow Boas. The range of Brazilian Rainbow Boas is quite large. It includes northern Peru and Brazil, southern Venezuela and Guyana and much of Surinam and French Guiana. Although not endangered, due to habitat destruction they are not common in their range. They are a semi-arboreal, slender-bodied snake with an adult...
  • Chequered Garter Snake Care Sheet

    Chequered Garter Snake Care Sheet

    Description The pattern of garter snakes varies little between species, it consists of 1,2 or 3 longitudinal stripes on the back. In between these strips are rows with blotchy spots.Their range is huge, all the way from Central America to Alaska, and they live in a variety of habitats, from dry to wet regions. The more northern species hibernate in huge groups containing hundreds...
  • Speckled King Snake Care Sheet

    Speckled King Snake Care Sheet

    Speckled King Snake – Lampropeltis getula holbrooki Description First discovered in 1842 the speckled king snake also known as the salt and pepper snake is a subspecies of the common king snake. These king snakes are also listed as a threatened species in Iowa. They have a small head which is roughly the same size as the neck, have black or red eyes and...
  • Taiwanese Beauty Snake Care Sheet

    Taiwanese Beauty Snake Care Sheet

    Taiwanese Beauty Snake –Orthriophis taeniurus friesei Introduction Beauty snakes are widely distributed throughout Burma, China, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. They are a moderate sized semi-arboreal snake, indigenous to semi tropical and tropical habitats. Most males average around six feet, however females attain lengths of eight to nine feet. The habitats that they frequent are as vast as the number of subspecies, and they will...
  • Dart Frog Care Sheet

    Dart Frog Care Sheet

    Introduction Dendrobates Tinctorius are from the Family Dendrobatidae. Dendrobates Tinctorius populations can be found wide spread throughout Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and northern Brazil. They are diurnal frogs that are very active and make very interesting pets. Colours And Morphs Dendrobates Tinctorius are very colourful, attractive frogs with many morphs and variations in colour. Dendrobates Tinctorius has over 30 known morphs and new ones...
  • Guide To Caring For Canaries

    Guide To Caring For Canaries

    Canaries originate from the Canary Islands and there are many popular varieties in the UK, such as Borders, Fifes, Glosters, Rollers, Norwich, Lizard and Red Factors. Colours range from yellow, green, brown, variegated and red to various pastel shades. Hens may twitter but cocks really sing. There is no easy way to sex canaries so seek advice from your pet shop. Changes in the...
  • Ferret Care Sheet

    Ferret Care Sheet

    Shopping List Cage Run Food Food dish Water bottle Bottle brush Treats Sawdust/cat litter Bedding Grooming brush Ferret harness Pet safe disinfectant Toys Book on ferret care General care Ferrets are generally healthy animals. Should you have any concerns about your ferret s health speak to your vet. Grooming – Grooming not only helps to keep your ferret healthy but helps you to bond...
  • Guide To Caring For Bengalese Finches

    Guide To Caring For Bengalese Finches

    The most popular finch kept in the UK is the Zebra Finch, which originates from Australia. Another popular breed, the Bengalese Finch, is not seen in the wild as it is a product of many years of selective, captive breeding.Finches live in flocks and should not be kept singly ñ they should be kept in pairs in cages or as small groups in aviaries,...
  • Mouse Care Sheet

    Mouse Care Sheet

    Shopping List Cage Nest box Litter Bedding Mouse food Mineral block Food bowl Water bottle and bottle brush Toys Treats Pet-safe disinfectant Odour control spray Book on fancy mouse care General care Mice normally stay healthy throughout their lives. They can suffer from sneezing and breathing problems. Ensure you are using good quality dustfree woodchips in your mouse s cage. If the condition persists...
  • Guide To Caring For Skinks

    Guide To Caring For Skinks

    Berber skinks are representative of sun-loving species whilst Blue-tongues are often found in more semi-forested or grassland habitats, but they equally greatly enjoy sun-bathing.They are usually very docile and make good pets if the right care can be provided. As adults, Berber skinks can reach sizes of 20-30cm. Blue tongued skinks can reach sizes in excess of 50cm so it is important to ensure...
  • Guide To Caring For Syrian Hamsters

    Guide To Caring For Syrian Hamsters

    Hamsters make suitable pets for older children, providing they are taught the responsibilities of their petís routine for cleaning, feeding, and care. The average lifespan of a Syrian hamster is approximately two years. Syrian or Golden hamsters originate from Syria. In the wild, they live in burrows during the day to keep cool and travel great distances at night in search of food. Hamsters...
  • Axolotl Care Sheet

    Axolotl Care Sheet

    Axolotl Care Ambystoma mexicanum The axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum (pronounced axo-lot-ul) is a rather bizarre looking critter, with its soft body, almost fish like head and external gills. Reaching some 9-10 inches in length (up to 12 inches in exceptional circumstances) and living for up to 15 years, axolotls’ are actually neotenic salamanders. That is to say they are the larval stage of a salamander...
  • Guide To Caring For Zebra Finches

    Guide To Caring For Zebra Finches

    The most popular finch kept in the UK is the Zebra Finch, which originates from Australia. Another popular breed, the Bengalese Finch, is not seen in the wild as it is a product of many years of selective, captive breeding.Finches live in flocks and should not be kept singly – they should be kept in pairs in cages or as small groups in aviaries,...
  • Guide To Caring For White’s Tree Frogs

    Guide To Caring For White’s Tree Frogs

    White’s tree frogs are arboreal, which means they live in trees, and their feet are equipped with special pads to climb on smooth surfaces with ease. Their habitat is typically the rain forest and they can usually be found near a water source. They are the most popular frog to be kept as a pet in the UK.Their colour varies from green through blue...
  • Guide To Caring For Tortoises

    Guide To Caring For Tortoises

    There are many species of tortoise available in the UK, each with different needs, so be sure to do your research and speak to an expert before purchase.The most common species kept in the UK is the Hermannís Tortoise, other species include Spur-thighed, Marginated and Horsfieldís. Tortoises will grow each year given the right conditions and their shell scutes grow similar to the rings...
  • Salamander And Newt Care Sheet

    Salamander And Newt Care Sheet

    Shopping List Aquarium or vivariumwith tight fitting lidAppropriate substrateFoodHeat pad, lampor water heater (most species)Food dish (non-aquatic species)ThermostatWater DishRocksBook that covers Salamander/Newt care Salamander and Newts are amphibians. They are collectively referred to as caudates. There is a variety to choose from, some are beautifully coloured. For part of the year newts live in water and part on land. The majority of Salamanders, live...
  • Guide To Caring For Gerbils

    Guide To Caring For Gerbils

    Gerbils can live for two to four years and are social animals that should be kept in small, single-sex groups or pairs. Animals for pairs or colonies should be bought at the same time, ideally from the same litter, as it is unlikely that new individuals will be accepted at a later date. The wild gerbil’s habitat is very dry. They are adapted to...
  • Guide To Caring For Hamsters

    Guide To Caring For Hamsters

    Hamsters make suitable pets for older children, providing they are taught the responsibilities of their petís routine for cleaning, feeding, and care. The average lifespan of a Syrian hamster is approximately two years. Hamsters make good family pets. They are nocturnal, so they are more active in the evening and night, allowing the busy family time to enjoy them. They are small mammals so...
  • Guide To Caring For Degus

    Guide To Caring For Degus

    SHOPPING LIST Suitable cage or enclosureSuitable exercise wheelHayFoodFood bowlWater bottleBottle brushLitterBeddingNest boxToysDust bath and dustBook on care of degus GENERAL CARE Degus will groom themselves with their paws, and a dust bath should be provided. Provide a dust bath for at least twenty minutes every other day.Degus normally stay healthy throughout their lives, but they can suffer from sneezing and breathing problems. Be sure...
  • Guide To Caring For Cockatiels

    Guide To Caring For Cockatiels

    Cockatiels are communal birds that make interesting and intelligent pets. The normal colour is grey but there are variations such as white, cinnamon, pied, silver or lutino (pale yellow). You can expect to have the companionship of these fascinating birds for twelve to fourteen years, so you must be sure you’re ready for a long-term commitment. SHOPPING LIST Cage and cage standBathCage coverToysWater potSand/sand...
  • Guide To Caring For Chinchillas

    Guide To Caring For Chinchillas

    The average life expectancy of a chinchilla is 12-15 years, however, some can live to up to 20, so you must be sure you are ready to care for your chinchilla for more than the next decade. Chinchillas are gentle, intelligent and inquisitive with a dense, highly attractive coat. They are active in the evening but are not purely nocturnal, and are native to...
  • Guide To Caring For Rats

    Guide To Caring For Rats

    Fancy rats are descendants of the brown rats, which originate from Asia. They are social animals so it is strongly recommended they be kept in single sex pairs or groups. Young rats are often easier to introduce than adults, although adults of the same sex can sometimes be introduced. Rats are intelligent and interactive animals that make good family pets. They can become very...
  • Parrot, Parakeet, African Grey & Amazons – Care Sheet

    Parrot, Parakeet, African Grey & Amazons – Care Sheet

    Including Parakeets, African Greys and Amazons. Shopping List Cage and cage stand Cage cover Water pot Seed pot Perches Seed guard Food Bath Toys Sand/Sand sheets and grit Parrot care book Cuttlefish Mineral block Vitamin drops Parrots make interesting and enjoyable pets. However, a single caged bird will require a lot of attention and stimulus if it is not to become bored and frustrated....
  • Guide To Caring For Leopard Geckos

    Guide To Caring For Leopard Geckos

    The leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) is one of the most popular species of reptile kept in captivity and is available in a multitude of colour mutations. In the wild, this species inhabits desert areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India. Leopard geckos are almost exclusively nocturnal in nature, although they may on occasion bask at the mouth of their burrows for short periods, usually...
  • Guide To Caring For Guinea Pigs

    Guide To Caring For Guinea Pigs

    Guinea pigs are social animals and should not be kept on their own. It is recommended to keep guinea pigs in pairs or small groups of the same sex. Guinea pigs originate from Peru where they roam the countryside in family groups, usually comprised of one male with a group of females and their young. Pet guinea pigs can be kept indoors or in...
  • Chicken Care Sheet

    Chicken Care Sheet

    Shopping List CoopRunFeeder & DrinkerLayersí PelletsPoultry GritMixed CornCardboardStrawSand & TrayPoultry DisinfectantPerchesDiatomaceous Powder (For mite protection)Apple Cider Vinegar Keeping chickens as pets has recently become more popular as people have discovered the comical nature of chickens with the added benefits of fresh eggs! As with all animals, chickens have specific requirements to keep them happy and healthy in their habitat. The average life span of...
  • Guide To Caring For Dwarf Hamsters

    Guide To Caring For Dwarf Hamsters

    Shopping List Book on hamster care Cage/housing unit Litter and bedding material Food for dwarf hamsters Food dish Water bottle and bottle brush Exercise wheel Gnaw block Treats Toys General Care Hamsters are generally hardy animals and normally stay healthy throughout their lives. They can, however, suffer from coughs and sneezes and their nose and eyes may run, so keep them warm and away...
  • Corn Snake Care Sheet

    Corn Snake Care Sheet

    Handling Corn snakes seldom bite, but do need time and patience to become accustomed to gentle handling. The snake should be held loosely and supported at the middle and rear of the body, the handler’s movements being slow and deliberate.It is important to remember to always wash your hands before and after handling. Never attempt to handle a snake until it has settled down...
  • Western Hognose Care Sheet

    Western Hognose Care Sheet

    Western Hognose(Heterodon nasicus) The Western hognose snake species, Heterodon nasicus (which is the most common species found in the pet trade), inhabits the central United States however subspecies are found ranging the US right through from Canada to Mexico, and also in Southern America. There is also a large species of hognose endemic to Madagascar. Hognoses get their common name from the upturned scale...
  • Guide To Caring For Rabbits

    Guide To Caring For Rabbits

    Rabbits come in different shapes, sizes, and colours, and domestic rabbits kept as pets are fundamentally the same as their wild cousins – who live in large social groups and cover an area equivalent to six football pitches every day.Rabbits typically live for around 7-10 years, although some can live up to 12, so you must be sure you can care for your rabbits...
  • Bettas, Gouramis & Paradise fish

    Bettas, Gouramis & Paradise fish

    Anabantids are a diverse group of fish that have adapted to living in oxygen-poor waters. These adaptations include the ability to utilise atmospheric air as a source of oxygen and bubble nesting behaviour which ensures adequate oxygen levels for their developing young.
  • Rainbowfish

    Rainbowfish

    Rainbowfish are some of the more colourful freshwater fish available, with males exhibiting distinctive patterns once adults.
  • Guide To Caring For Bearded Dragons

    Guide To Caring For Bearded Dragons

    Bearded dragons originate from Australia, and the name comes from the pouch under the neck, which inflates if they feel threatened. Adults can reach sizes of up to 45 to 60cm and can live for up to 10 years.
  • Guide To Caring For Goldfish

    Guide To Caring For Goldfish

    Goldfish are typically trouble-free pets for all the family to enjoy. Goldfish are one of the easiest of all fish to keep, but if they are to be kept in an aquarium you must remember that they are totally dependent on you for their welfare.
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